OUR TRIP TO AUSCHWITZ BY LES & GRAHAM IN 2000 SEE THE VIDEO'S
All over the world, Auschwitz has become a symbol of terror, genocide, and the Holocaust. It was established by Germans in 1940, in the suburbs of Oswiecim, a Polish city that was annexed to the Third Reich by the Nazis. Its name was changed to Auschwitz, which also became the name of Konzentrationslager Auschwitz.
The direct reason for the establishment of the camp was the fact that mass arrests of Poles were increasing beyond the capacity of existing "local" prisons. Initially, Auschwitz was to be one more concentration camp of the type that the Nazis had been setting up since the early 1930s. It functioned in this role throughout its existence, even when, beginning in 1942, it also became the largest of the death camps.
On the basis of the partially preserved camp records and estimates, it has been established that there were approximately 232 thousand children and young people up to the age of 18 among the 1.3 million or more people deported to the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp.
This figure includes about 216 thousand Jews, 11 thousand Gypsies, at least 3 thousand Poles, over 1 thousand Byelorussians, and significant numbers of Russians, Ukrainians, and others. The majority of them were deported to Auschwitz along with their parents in various campaigns directed against whole ethnic or social groups. Slightly more than 23.5 thousand children and young people were registered in the camp, out of the total of 400 thousand registered prisoners.
AIRE DE SERVICE
THIS IS THE FILM WE MADE AT AUSCHWITZ IN 2000, WE HOPE YOU CAN GET A FEEL OF WHAT HAPPEND THERE IN THE WAR.
Until early 1942, the Nazis deported to Auschwitz only a relatively small number of Jews, who were sent there along with the non-Jewish prisoners, mostly Poles, who accounted for the majority of the camp population until mid-1942. Among the first transports of more than a thousand Polish political prisoners sent to Auschwitz in June 1940 from the prisons in Tarnów and Wisnicz Nowy, there were at least 21 Polish Jews. All of them died in the camp within a short time. Extant records from the period January-December 1941 indicate that—not counting Soviet POWs—16,710 prisoners were registered in Auschwitz, of whom 1,055 were Jews.
Victims were gassed en masse in chambers disguised as shower rooms, then burned in ovens designed specially for the purpose.
Rolling wagons slid in and out of the ovens so that corpses could be burned quickly.
About one million Jews were killed at the camp.